Crisis text line, suicide prevention through artificial intelligence

Crisis text line, suicide prevention through artificial intelligence

Crisis Text Line

Crisis text line, suicide prevention through artificial intelligence

Suicide prevention hotline which, in addition to offering accompaniment, emotional support and home interventions to thousands of people going through difficult situations, has an algorithm that allows the service’s volunteers to identify which people are at high risk of suicide and therefore need more urgent intervention.

The service works in such a way that the person in crisis sends a message saying “HOME” to the number 741741, and a specialised volunteer responds quickly and in real time. The service goes out of its way to help people in times of distress or crisis by listening to them, reassuring them, and offering suggestions for overcoming their difficulties.

As a service that receives thousands of requests, deciding who to help first in times of floods of messages can be a life-or-death decision. That’s why Crisis Text Line uses an algorithm to identify people at high risk of suicide and to be able to intervene as quickly as possible in these cases.

Using machine learning, the artificial intelligence algorithm analyses the words and emojis that may indicate that a person is at high risk of suicidal ideation or self-harm. The system developed is based on the analysis of 30 million messages that the service has exchanged with users in recent years, and is thus able to position as an emergency those conversations with high-risk patterns that need to be attended to more urgently. As a result, 94% of people at serious and imminent risk of suicide receive an intervention in less than 5 minutes.

In addition, the data collected provides the service with very relevant information about the mental health of the clients. For example, it has concluded that Wednesday is the most anxiety provoking day of the week, and that self-harm crises occur mainly in the early hours of the morning.

One View, a predictive and preventative homelessness system

One View, a predictive and preventative homelessness system

London Borough of Barking and Dagenham

One View, a predictive and preventative homelessness system

Predictive system that allows social services to anticipate, prevent and reduce homelessness in the territory.

The One View system analyses the data set related to services for adults, children and homeless people. The analytical model includes data on income, benefits and schools, and obtains a comprehensive overview of citizens and households in the territory in order to identify existing risk situations that may lead to homelessness in the near future.

One View enables this preventive approach by using advanced analytical models to identify people at risk, with the aim of detecting potential problems 6 to 9 months before a crisis. In addition, the service provides long-term monitoring, so that social services can also evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions put in place, and adjust them. The specialised software provides robust information governance and security, with strict protocols that determine access levels.

The service enables the district to achieve three objectives. The first is to improve the quality of life of residents by providing the necessary contact and assistance when needed. Secondly, a prevention of evolving needs with better informed and targeted interventions. In other words, social service professionals in the district have a unique view that allows them to select the most appropriate and effective course of action in each case. Finally, it contributes to the management of the demand for social and housing services, generating savings due to the combination of improved interventions and predictive information to identify at-risk situations.

InterRAI, a comprehensive geriatric assessment instrument

InterRAI, a comprehensive geriatric assessment instrument

InterRAI

InterRAI, a comprehensive geriatric assessment instrument

A set of multidimensional geriatric assessment instruments designed to determine the psychosocial and functional capacity and needs of the elderly. The aim is to develop a comprehensive treatment and long-term follow-up plan based on a set of standardized items that can be used in various care settings.

InterRai works in such a way that social and health professionals talk to users and their families (people over 65 years of age), while making observations and using other information. The assessor codes this information with software that creates a picture of the person’s functional, social and health needs and opportunities, as well as individualized and specialized care support that is included in an anonymous database. Data collected from the population can be used for planning, research and service development.

Outcomes include validated scales and measures, as well as action points that trigger social, health and potential rehabilitation problems. Subsequently, each person can be followed up and their progress monitored. In addition, a complete profile of each user is created, minimizing the assessment burden and ensuring an individual perspective.

The tool is committed to improving health and social care around the world to ensure affordable, quality access to all people. When data becomes the core of understanding the care needs of older people, digital tools and proven solutions that can be applied on a large scale to help older people, caregivers and policy makers are needed to be used.

Bizkaia Saretu, school for the prevention of unwanted loneliness

Bizkaia Saretu, school for the prevention of unwanted loneliness

Grup SSI

Bizkaia Saretu, school for the prevention of unwanted loneliness

School of training and dynamization of anti-loneliness agents, people over 55 years of age who, thanks to a qualification and accompaniment, specialize in early detection and preventive action in relation to loneliness.

The initiative refers to unwanted loneliness, i.e. the subjective feeling or experience that is identified with individual dissatisfaction that the person has in terms of relationships. This social isolation, especially related to the elderly, is perceived as a limitation, lack or absence of primary or natural relationships; friendship, partner, family, neighborhood, etc.

The project offers training and awareness-raising activities for people interested in the subject, whether they want to acquire knowledge in this area or are part of organizations, companies or associations. In this case, they can become part of the Agents Network, the other main activity of the project. This network, formed by people over 55 years of age who are not in a situation of loneliness and want to commit themselves and create proposals for action, consists of identifying situations of loneliness, design and creation of prevention projects, in order to accumulate evidence and be able to be implemented.

In addition, the initiative also has a repository of knowledge and good practices, where projects, methods or systems that involve the community and relational spheres can be found. The SSI Group understands that the connection between initiatives is a key element to guarantee the success of the projects. Therefore, Bizkaia Saretu is a project with a preventive perspective, which promotes a destigmatizing vision of loneliness, promotes mutual help and focuses on the individual needs and demands of each person.

Luzía, an intelligent watch for the prevention and protection of risk situations in elderly people

Luzía, an intelligent watch for the prevention and protection of risk situations in elderly people

SeniorDomo

Luzía, an intelligent watch for the prevention and protection of risk situations in elderly people

Watch to detect risk situations and facilitate healthy aging at home for the elderly from 60 years old. It automatically analyzes data on physical activity, vital signs, location, etc. and identifies any type of strange behavior.

Family members have access to the device’s information and receive notifications on their cell phones. In the event that any anomaly is detected (inactivity, a fall, heart problems, leaving the safety zone…) the watch itself contacts the person at the who is using it to ask how he/she is, and if he/she does not respond it automatically calls the family members or contact persons. In addition, Luzía is able to detect if the answering machine has been triggered or if the telephone it is trying to contact is switched off. Therefore, the watch keeps insisting until it succeeds in contacting someone. Luzía is capable of storing up to 1,000 daily records of each user in the cloud.

The goal is to facilitate aging at home, through an advanced solution for protection and prevention of critical situations. It is an affordable and accessible technology, since it does not require the user to have a cell phone, to improve the quality of life of the elderly.

SeniorDomo

Emantik, a service for the detection and care of child and adolescent discomfort

Emantik, a service for the detection and care of child and adolescent discomfort

Andoain Town Hall

Emantik, a service for the detection and care of child and adolescent discomfort

Programme for the early detection and care of situations of vulnerability, discomfort or violence towards children and adolescents.

Emantik is based on an application (Kanjo) that systematically records the emotional state of the pupils of the three schools that have implemented the programme (Aita Larramendi Ikastola, La Salle-Berrozpe Ikastetxea and Ondarreta Ikastetxea) through a tablet and an algorithm that subsequently analyses the emotional patterns in order to detect cases of risk early on. The main function and objective of the programme is to help children and adolescents to learn emotional management, as well as to prevent cases of risk and vulnerability, or a possible situation of violence or suffering of the child or adolescent.

It is a system whereby three times a day (when arriving to school, after playground time and at the end of the school day) children and adolescents have to indicate in the tablet the emotion that best reflects their mood from among calm, contentment, anger, fear, disgust and sadness. In this way, boys and girls learn to identify their emotions, and on the other hand, the analysis of the data makes it possible to detect their emotional states as well as their evolution, in order to prevent situations of isolation, bullying, or other types of situations of discomfort or vulnerability.

The Kanjo system does not have access to the personal data of the boys and girls at any stage of the process, and only the schools have the capacity to link the anonymised IDs of the algorithm with the data of their pupils.

Emantik

P.I.P.P.I., intensive care programme for vulnerable families with young children

P.I.P.P.I., intensive care programme for vulnerable families with young children

Laboratory for Research and Intervention in Family Education of the University of Padova, Italian Ministry of Labour and Social Policies

P.I.P.P.I., intensive care programme for vulnerable families with young children

Girls playing.

Intensive and multidisciplinary intervention programme in vulnerable families to reduce the risk of children being removed from their nuclear family, articulating a set of combined actions in relation to children’s needs: intensive home care, group activities with other parents, accompaniment by volunteer families, and joint work with teachers and social workers from schools and social services.

In line with the aim of the Convention on the Rights of the Child to develop measures to ensure the best interests of the child, the Italian Ministry of Social Welfare, in partnership with the University of Padua, designed and implemented from 2011 this intensive care programme for vulnerable families called the Intervention Programme for the Prevention of Institutionalization. Its abbreviation, P.I.P.P.P.I. is at the same time inspired by the fictional character Pippi Långstrump, a creative and surprisingly resilient girl known all over the world.

As its name suggests, P.I.P.P.P.I. aims to prevent out-of-home care and respond to problems related to child neglect, taking into account the right of all children to quality care. When parental neglect is involved, and there is a subsequent removal of the child, the removal itself expropriates the competence of the parents. This practice does not seem to be the most desirable intervention, so P.I.P.P.Y. experiences a social response that attempts to put the developmental needs of children first.

P.I.P.P.P.Y. represents a co-ordinated and co-operative work between different institutions, professions and disciplines of social services, psychology and pedagogy to act together in order to achieve a reduction in the number of children removed from their families. At the same time, P.I.P.P.P.I. has developed its own tool for the assessment and evaluation of cases based on models from Scotland and Quebec.

P.I.P.P.P.Y. is now widespread throughout Italy, and several academic studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of this intervention model. The evaluation report of the seventh edition of the programme 2018-2020 provides evidence of the bonus results achieved.

Centro Nazionale di documentazione e analisi per l'infanzia e l'adolescenza

SEAP, a programme to prevent and manage the mistreatment of elderly people in fragile situations

SEAP, a programme to prevent and manage the mistreatment of elderly people in fragile situations

Consell Comarcal del Baix Llobregat

SEAP, a programme to prevent and manage the mistreatment of elderly people in fragile situations

Image from SEAP.

This service promotes the good treatment of elderly people in a situation of fragility and advises professionals who act in situations of abuse.

The SEAP (Specialised Service for the Care of People) bases its task on three lines of work. The first is prevention, through advice and training for professionals working with elderly people and people in situations of fragility. The second is social awareness-raising, thanks to talks, workshops, events and campaigns to promote collective awareness of the need to defend the good treatment of people. This area also includes specific actions aimed at professionals, citizens, adults, children and adolescents, the elderly and people with functional diversity. Finally, intervention, which is based on the coordination of actions with social services and other municipal services in situations of mistreatment of elderly people or people in situations of fragility.

The objectives of the SEAP are based on improving the quality of life of elderly people and people in situations of fragility, guaranteeing the prevention, detection and care of poor treatment and mistreatment through interdisciplinary work and networking with other services in the territory. It also responds to the real needs of the professionals who care for elderly people and people in situations of fragility when situations of poor treatment and/or mistreatment are detected.

It also aims to adapt the transmission of essential social, legal and medical information to the rest of the professionals in order to design a joint plan, to respond to the real situations of poor treatment and/or mistreatment of people in these groups and to guide and advise each situation individually, coordinating public and private resources to facilitate the necessary care.

SEAP

myCarenet, community support network for people with dependency

myCarenet, community support network for people with dependency

myCarenet

myCarenet, community support network for people with dependency

Image from myCarenet.

App that allows the person with some kind of dependency or their reference relative to weave and co-create their own support network in their home and their usual environment.

This tool allows maintaining and increasing meaningful social relationships (family, friends, neighbours, etc.) from an inclusive and community point of view, and at the same time prevents an eventual feeling of unwanted loneliness.

The person can contact and contract professional social and health care services on demand, or contact and receive community support for activities of daily living. In this way, myCarenet makes it possible to share the burden of care, lightening the load of the main caregiver.

In addition, both people with dependency and their support (family, community or professional) can access continuous and personalized training that promotes self-care and enables support persons to carry out a quality social and care task.

On the other hand, within the values of the circular economy, myCarenet promotes dignified and regulated work for people with difficulties in finding work and who, with a correct training itinerary, can find employment stability in the social and healthcare sector.

myCarenet

MigApp, trusted mobile information for migrants around the world

MigApp, trusted mobile information for migrants around the world

IOM (International Organization for Migration)

MigApp, trusted mobile information for migrants around the world

Image from MigApp.

An initiative of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) which, through a mobile app, offers a platform of relevant and up-to-date information so that migrants around the world can make informed decisions. It is available in 8 languages: English, Chinese, Arabic, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and Russian.

Migrants from all five continents need a trusted source of information that also provides them with assistance and support to migrate safely. MigApp is an application that helps migrants to make informed decisions by providing information organized in various thematic and location areas.

In addition, the application also provides the possibility to make international bank transfers at no cost. It also has an option to find out the location of friends and family.

It also provides information on travel risks, access to IOM programmes and services for migrants, and data on migration profiles and trends around the world. This makes it useful not only for migrants and their families, but also for NGOs and governments.

MigApp